We are indebted to the Toronto District School Board for their guide Critical Theories in Education.
Image thanks to FreePik Stories
"Decolonization refers to the process of deconstructing colonial ideologies of the superiority and privilege of Western thought and approaches. On the one hand, decolonization involves dismantling structures that perpetuate the status quo, problematizing dominant discourses, and addressing unbalanced power dynamics. On the other hand, decolonization involves valuing and revitalizing Indigenous knowledge and approaches and weeding out settler biases or assumptions that have impacted Indigenous ways of being. Decolonization necessitates shifting our frames of reference with regard to the knowledge we hold; examining how we have arrived at such knowledge; and considering what we need to do to change misconceptions, prejudice, and assumptions about Indigenous Peoples. For individuals of settler identity, decolonization is the process of examining your beliefs about Indigenous Peoples and culture by learning about yourself in relationship to the communities where you live and the people with whom you interact."
From Indigenization, Decolonization, and Reconciliation by Asma-na-hi Antoine, Rachel Mason, Roberta Mason, Sophia Palahicky, & Carmen Rodriguez de France
It is also important to note that literature that discusses health care and Indigenous persons in the United States is lagging behind countries like New Zealand and Canada. So when you begin your research you might want to expand your view to include resources from international literature.
If you are a Non-indigenous researcher engaged in research with Indigenous communities it is important to understand that:
See "Protocols for Respectful Research with Indigenous Communities" to develop your research with appropriate protocols.